DEMOGRAPHICS

Ghana_flag_mapGhana is located on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea only a fewdegrees north of the Equator. Half of the country lies less than 152 meters (500 ft.) above sea level, and the highest point is 883 meters (2,900 ft.)

Ghana is located on West Africa’s Gulf of Guinea only a few degrees north of the Equator. The 537-kilometer (334-mi.) coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub and intersected by several rivers and streams, most of which are navigable only by canoe. A tropical rain forest belt, broken by heavily forested hills and many streams and rivers, extends northward from the shore, near the Cote d’Ivoire frontier. This area, known as the “Ashanti,” produces most of the country’s cocoa, minerals, and timber. North of this belt, the country varies from 91 to 396 meters (300-1,300 ft.) above sea level and is covered by low bush, parklike savanna, and grassy plains.

A few Examples of Places of Interest:

Park Safaris:
Mole National Park, which extends over 500 sq. km., is a fairly basic but eminently inexpensive destination for wildlife enthusiasts. The game population is abundant, and includes Elephants, various species of Antelope, an abundant and diverse bird population, Monkeys and Crocodiles, and even a small number of Lions. Unlike many other wildlife reserves in Africa, Mole offers visitors the opportunity to drive or walk throughout the park at very reasonable costs.

The Coastal Forts:
Ghana’s role as a focus of the gold, ivory, and slave trade resulted in the construction of an entire string of colonial forts along its coastline, and many remain as picturesque legacies of that era.

Lake Volta:
The damming of the Volta by the Akosombo dam, created the enormous Lake Volta, which now occupies a sizeable portion of Ghana’s south-eastern territory.Lake Volta is the site of Kujani National Park.

Official Name: Republic of Ghana

Capital: Accra

Type of Government: Constitutional Democracy

Population: 18.2 million

Area: 238,540 sq km

Major Ethnic Groups: Akan, Ewe, Mole-Dagbane, Guan %26 Ga-Adangbe

Languages: English, G-Adangbe, Hausa, Ewe, Twi and Dagbani.

Religions: Christianity, Islam, Traditional African

Unit of Currency: Ghana Cedi

National Flag: Three horizontal bars of red, gold and green with a black star on the
gold bar

Date of Independence: March 6, 1957