. Cape Coast Castle
The Cape Coast Castle is now an excellent museum with information about the history of Ghana, the slave-trade and local culture. Tours are a “must” and will takeyou through the dungeons and the “door of no return”.
2. Elmina and St George’s Castle
Elmina is a picturesque fishing town along Ghana’s coast, not far from Cape Coast. It is home to one of Ghana’s biggest attractions, St George’s Castle. Built by the Portuguese in 1482, it was captured by the Dutch 150 years later and became the headquarters of their West Indies Company for the following 250 years. Gold exports were soon replaced by slaves and the tours through the dungeons will give you a good idea of how gruesome a trade it was. The Castle houses a small museum and guided tours are available. The stark beauty of the white-washed Castle walls contrast deeply with the dark history of this place.Fort St Jago lies across the lagoon from the castle, and is worth visiting for the views it offers of the town and Castle.
3. Accra, Ghana’s Capital
Accra is a sprawling city with about 2 million residents and one of Africa’s safer capitals. Accra has a mixture of modern buildings, shanty towns, occasional castle and lively markets. The central hub is around the Makola Market, just south of the market is the Atlantic ocean.
Accra’s main attractions include
- The National Museum has wonderful displays about Ghana’s culture and history including the slave-trade, and Ashanti Kingdom.
- Makola Market is colorful, bustling, and you can buy absolutely everything.
- Beaches — there are some nice beaches in and around Accra, check out Labadi Beach, Coco Beach and Bojo Beach.
4. Kakum National Park
5. Mole National Park
6. Kokrobite Beach
Kumasi is the former capital of Ghana’s Ashanti Kingdom in southern-central Ghana. Kumasi is Ghana’s second largest city with a population of around 1.5 million. The Ashanti are famous artisans, their gold jewelry and trinkets are famous throughout the world, as is their Kente cloth and wood-carved stools. You can see examples at the National Culture Center as well as various craft villages on the outskirts of Kumasi. The bustling Kejetia Market is worth visiting, the Kente cloth is good value here if you can stomach the chaos. If you’re interested to see how the Ashanti Kings used to live, check out the Manhyia Palace Museum. You can meet the current Ashanti king here, he makes an appearance to greet the public every 42 days.
8. Busua Beach
Busua is one of Ghana’s best beaches and offers the visitor a chance to relax, paddle around in the Atlantic and enjoy some lobster. There are several hotels along the beach front ranging from luxurious to simple. The Busua Beach Resort is a modern, large hotel with dining facilities, pool and beach chalets. The more intimate Busua Inn is run by a French couple. The bar/restaurant on the beach serves excellent French food. The African Rainbow resort is a small family run hotel with 12 rooms, reasonable rates include breakfast.
If Busua is too touristy for you, check out Princess Town a little further to the west along the coast.
Nzulezo is a village built on stilts in the marshy Amansuri Lagoon. Similar in looks and atmosphere to Genvie in Benin. This is a unique little fishing community, far from the hustle and bustle of daily Ghanaian life. You can only reach it by renting a canoe, available from the village of Beyin (about two hours drive from Axim). It takes about an hour to reach the village. Simple accommodation is available in a stilt house, the Ghana Wildlife Society can help you make arrangements. If you are juts planning to go for a day trip, leave early to avoid the midday heat.
10. Lake Volta (Volta Lake)
Lake Volta (or Volta Lake) is the largest man-made lake in the world. A passenger boat, the Yapei Queen runs the entire length of the lake between Akosombo in the South to Yeji in the North. The trip takes about 24 hours one way and departs from Akosombo every Monday. You can book your voyage through the Volta Lake Transport Company. You’ll be sharing the boat with some livestock and lots of vegetables, the boat is sometimes referred to as the “yam boat”. The sleeping is rough but certainly rewarding for the adventurous traveler.There are other smaller ferry services on Lake Volta that will take you further north and east. You can arrange transportation in Tamale.